Zachary D. Kaufman, J.D., Ph.D., is an academic specializing in law, political science, and public policy. He is a graduate of Yale University, the University of Oxford (where he was a Marshall Scholar), and Yale Law School.
Dr. Kaufman is a Senior Fellow at Harvard University’s John F. Kennedy School of Government, a Lecturer in Law and Fellow at Stanford Law School, and a Visiting Fellow at Yale University‘s Genocide Studies Program. He is also a Term Member of the Council on Foreign Relations.
Previously, Dr. Kaufman taught in Yale University‘s Department of Political Science and George Washington University‘s Elliott School of International Affairs. He also has held academic appointments at Yale Law School, Harvard Law School, Stanford University, and New York University.
Dr. Kaufman has served in all three branches of the U.S. government. He was a U.S. Supreme Court Fellow, a Council on Foreign Relations International Affairs Fellow on the U.S. Senate Foreign Relations Committee, and a clerk for the Honorable Juan Torruella on the U.S. Court of Appeals for the First Circuit. In addition, he served at the U.S. Departments of State and Justice. He also has served at three international war crimes tribunals: the International Criminal Court (where he was the first American to serve) as well as the United Nations International Criminal Tribunals for Rwanda and for the Former Yugoslavia. In the private sector, Dr. Kaufman has practiced law at O’Melveny & Myers LLP and worked at Google.
Dr. Kaufman’s research focuses on:
- international law (especially international humanitarian and criminal law);
- international relations history and theory;
- international institutions (including the United Nations and international courts and tribunals);
- United States foreign policy and national security;
- international and transitional justice;
- human rights;
- genocide, war crimes, crimes against humanity, and other atrocity crimes;
- the international relations of Africa;
- the history, politics, and culture of the Great Lakes region of sub-Saharan Africa (particularly Rwanda); and
- social entrepreneurship.
Dr. Kaufman is the author or editor of 3 books and the author of over 40 articles and book chapters. His books are:
- His third book (and first monograph) is United States Law and Policy on Transitional Justice: Principles, Politics, and Pragmatics (Oxford University Press, 2016).
- He is the editor and co-author of Social Entrepreneurship in the Age of Atrocities: Changing Our World (Edward Elgar Publishing, Inc., 2012).
- He is the co-editor (with Dr. Phil Clark) and co-author of After Genocide: Transitional Justice, Post-Conflict Reconstruction, and Reconciliation in Rwanda and Beyond (originally co-published in 2009 by Columbia University Press and C. Hurst & Co. and re-published in 2013 by Oxford University Press).
Dr. Kaufman’s research and commentary have also been published by:
- journals such as the Yale Law & Policy Review, the Yale Journal of International Law, the Yale Human Rights & Development Law Journal, the Harvard International Law Journal, the Emory International Law Review, Bloomberg BNA Securities Regulation & Law Report, the Inter-American Law Review, the St. Antony’s International Review (University of Oxford journal of international relations), Criminal Law Forum (official journal of the Society for the Reform of Criminal Law), and Corporate Counsel;
- newspapers and magazines such as the New York Times, the New York Times Magazine, the Washington Post, Forbes, and Foreign Policy;
- and as chapters or other sections of books such as Cambridge University Press’s 3-volume Encyclopedia of Transitional Justice; Routledge’s annual Africa South of the Sahara series; Confronting Genocide in Rwanda: Dehumanization, Denial, and Strategies for Prevention; The Criminal Law of Genocide: International, Comparative and Contextual Aspects; and Rwanda and South Africa in Dialogue: Addressing the Legacies of Genocide and a Crime Against Humanity.
Dr. Kaufman is a frequent speaker on issues he researches and works on. To date, he has delivered over 225 lectures around the world. He has served as a guest commentator on National Public Radio, Voice of America, and Rwandan and Turkish Television as well as a guest lecturer at universities in:
- the United States, including Harvard University (including its Law School and John F. Kennedy School of Government), Yale University (including its Law School, and School of Forestry & Environmental Studies); Stanford University (including its Center on Democracy, Development, and the Rule of Law, and School of Medicine), Columbia University (including its Law School and School of International and Public Affairs), Dartmouth College (including its Tuck School of Business), George Washington University Elliott School of International Affairs, Georgetown University (including its Law Center and School of Foreign Service), Johns Hopkins University (including its School of Advanced International Studies and Carey Business School), New York University School of Law, Northwestern University Pritzker School of Law, Tufts University’s Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, United States Military Academy, United States Naval Academy, University of Connecticut School of Law, The College of William & Mary, and University of Southern California;
- the United Kingdom, including the University of Oxford (including its Corpus Christi College, Magdalen College, St. Antony’s College, Rhodes House, and Manor Road Building), University of Cambridge, London School of Economics and Political Science, King’s College London, University of London School of Oriental and African Studies, and Nottingham Law School;
- Rwanda, including the National University of Rwanda, the Kigali Institute of Education, the Kigali Institute of Science and Technology, and the Kigali Institute of Management; and
- Australia, including the University of Melbourne.
Moreover, Dr. Kaufman has lectured to audiences from various components of the United States government, including from the intelligence community; the judiciary; the Departments of State, Justice, and Defense; and the Agency for International Development.
Dr. Kaufman has also spoken at conferences hosted by the American Political Science Association, the American Society of International Law, the International Studies Association, the Law and Society Association, and the International Network of Genocide Scholars.
In addition, Dr. Kaufman has spoken at public forums such as the Council on Foreign Relations; the Rayburn House Office Building and the Capitol Visitor Center of the United States Congress, the Embassy of the United Kingdom, the Embassy of the Republic of Rwanda, the Center for Strategic & International Studies, and the International Student House, all in Washington, DC; the Institute for International Mediation and Conflict Resolution in The Hague, The Netherlands; the International Youth Assembly of the YMCA-YWCA in Sweden; the Office of the Mayor of New York City, the New York City Bar Association, the 92nd Street Y, and Metro Goldwyn Mayer (MGM) Towers, all in New York City; Rotary International (including its Clubs in Cambridge and Oxford, United Kingdom, and Kigali, Rwanda, and at its International Convention in Barcelona, Spain); the Kigali Public Library (also known as Rwanda Library Services), the Hotel Novotel Kigali Umubano, and the Residence of the United States Ambassador, all in Kigali, Rwanda; and the Yale Clubs of New York City, Washington, DC, and Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
EDUCATION AND FELLOWSHIPS
Dr. Kaufman received his D.Phil. (Ph.D.) and M.Phil. degrees, both in International Relations, from the University of Oxford, where he was a Marshall Scholar and served on the Executive Committee of the Magdalen College Trust, his residential college’s grant-making charity. While researching and publishing his graduate work, Dr. Kaufman was a postdoctoral fellow at Harvard University (in the Kennedy School of Government Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs International Security Program) and he was a predoctoral fellow at Stanford University (in the Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies (FSI) Center on Democracy, Development, and the Rule of Law (CDDRL)).
Dr. Kaufman received his J.D. from Yale Law School, where he was named an Olin Fellow of the Yale Law School John M. Olin Center for Law, Economics, and Public Policy. At Yale Law School, Dr. Kaufman served as Editor-in-Chief of the Yale Law & Policy Review; Managing Editor of the Yale Human Rights & Development Law Journal; Articles Editor of the Yale Journal of International Law; co-founder and co-president of Yale Law Social Entrepreneurs; member of the Non-Profit Organizations Clinic; and Graduate Affiliate and Graduate Fellowship Affiliate of Saybrook College, Yale University.
Dr. Kaufman received his Bachelor’s (B.A.) degree in Political Science from Yale University, where he was the student body president, a freshman residential counselor, co-captain of the Yale wrestling team, and an All-American and Runner-up National Champion in the National Collegiate Wrestling Association.